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According to the World Health Organization, COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus
This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and by 1st March, the virus had reached the four corners of the United Kingdom. On the same day the World Health organisation declared the Coronovirus a pandemic.
Since then, on the evening of Friday 20, the prime minister ordered restaurants, cafes and pubs to close, and on Monday 23 at 20:30, the prime minister announced restrictive movement measures to try and slow down the spread of the virus.
On 25th March the Coronavirus Act 2020 received Royal Assent with the intention to enable Local Authorities and Clinical Commissioning Groups to prioritise resources, and if necessary, change the way they work should they be unable to meet their statutory duties in full because of an increase in demand, or reduced staffing resources due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The legislation as a whole will be in place for an initial period of two years, though this could be shortened or lengthened by regulations, and it will be reviewed as a whole every six months.