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The Welfare Reform Act 2012 introduced Personal Independence Payment (PIP) which will replace Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for eligible working age people aged 16 to 64 years old from 8th April 2013.


PIP like DLA is non-means tested, non-taxable and was introduced in stages over several years;

  • From 8th April 2013 - New claims for Cumbria, Cheshire, Merseyside, North East and North West England

  • From 10th June 2013 - All new claims across the rest of England

  • October 2013 - Reassessment of some existing claims begin. Starting with renewals, young people turning 16 or where DLA claimants with indefinite awards report a change in circumstances 

  • From October 2015 - All remaining DLA claimants will be invited to make a claim for PIP, claimants who have turned 65 after 8th April 2013 will be prioritised. This process will take several years.

For those who were already 65 years old on the 8th April 2013 and in receipt of DLA, PIP will not apply and while eligible will continue to receive DLA. Other claimants will be invited to make a claim and will have to complete an application they will not be automatically transferred onto PIP.

Qualifying period

Like other disability benefits PIP has a backward/forward qualifying period, but unlike Attendance Allowance (6 months/6 months) and 

DLA (3 months/6 months), for PIP you will have had the needs for at least 3 months and expect to have them for at least another 9 months.

Special Rules

The qualifying period does NOT apply for those with a short life expectancy, claiming under special rules with a DS1500 

PIP Claim Process

1)  Initial claim is made by phone, basic details will be taken over the phone and claimant must be present

2)  Claimant will be sent a ‘How your disability affects you’ form.

3)  Claim details, 'How your disability affects you' form and supporting evidence are passed to a health professional

4)  Most people will be asked to attend a face-to-face consultation unless a decision can be reached on the basis of written evidence.

5)  A DWP Decision Maker will use all of the above information to make a decision


There are two components to PIP – daily living and mobility. Each component can be paid at standard rate or enhanced rate

Daily Living component                                                

Enhanced Rate - 12 points - £89.15

Standard Rate - 8 points   - £59.70  


Mobility Component

Enhanced Rate - 12 points   - £62.25

Standard Rate - 8 points - £23.60


Daily Living Activity/Tasks





 Mobility Activity/Tasks





You must be able to perform these tasks/activities reliably - safely to an acceptable standard, repeatedly and in a reasonable time period. The need for aids will also be considered 


PIP Descriptors (tasks/activities) in more detail 

PIP Descriptors in more details (highlighting cancelled March 2017 reg changes)

High Court Ruling Dec 2017 cancelling PIP Mobility Enhanced rate regulation changes

Proposed changes to Descriptors 5 and 6

PIP Checker 

DWP PIP toolkit for professionals    

DWP PIP Leaflet